In ancient times, Greece wasn't a single country like it is today. The goal and focus of all marriages was intended to be reproduction, making marriage an issue of public interest. He wrote laws on allowances in marriage and adoption, as well as laws concerning inheritances and supporting roles of parents. If you murdered someone that persons family had the right to kill you back. They sat on co… Several aspects of population control had a legal regulation in ancient Greece. Further, there were no prosecutors, no professional lawyers, and no crime-investigating police. The Areiopagos remained but now dealt primarily with religious and political cases. They had to have over 6,000 members present before they held any meetings. His homicide law is the and it is even argued that he set death as the penalty for all offenses. Other offenses and penalties were things like the offense of a dog bite, the penalty for which was to surrender the dog wearing a three-cubit-long wooden collar. There were no "professional" court officials, no lawyers, and no official judges.A normal case consisted of two "litigants," one who argued that an unlawful act was committed, and the other argued his defense. Epideictic or display oratory included all other Ancient Greek civilization, the period following Mycenaean civilization, which ended about 1200 BCE, to the death of Alexander the Great, in 323 BCE. Draco (7th century BC) was the first legislator of the city of Athens in Ancient Greece.He wrote laws that were to be enforced only by a court. This created many bloody and endless fights. It’s believed the first Ancient Greek civilisations were formed nearly 4,000 years ago (approximately 1600 BC) by the mighty Mycenaeansof Crete (a Greek Island). Because of this, law givers were not a part of normal government, and they were considered political outsiders. The gods of this ancient Greek pantheon were very human. This often began endless blood feuds. For the details of Attic law we have to depend on ex parte statements in the speeches of the Attic orators, and we are sometimes able to check those statements by the trustworthy, but often imperfect, aid of inscriptions. Murders were settled by members of the victim's family, who would then go and kill the murderer. Ancient Greek Laws In 632 BC, a Greek statesman named Draco devised the first written laws of Greek. In Greece, citizens did not elect their favorite people to represent them but rather personally participated in the process. In general, there are three stages that most legal systems progress through: Proto Legal Society has rules as well as procedures for handling disputes. It was a general characteristic of macho societies that being dominant (or “giving”) was noble, while being submissive (“receiving”) was the opposite. Legal Regulations. Because of this supervision, women's role in law was limited to rare court appearances, where she was either presenting evidence in a homicide case, or was being displayed along with her family to try to evoke pity from the jury. There was no separation of church and state. According to Aristotle, one of the few ancient sources we have for Draco, the laws were written in human blood, not ink. Any citizen could accuse another of a crime and take him or her to court. Solon contributed some of these laws. At this stage there is no distinction between rules (social standards, such as it's not nice to point), and laws (linking specific acts to specific consequences). Around 620 BC Draco, the lawgiver, wrote the first known written law of Ancient Greece. Most of these officials were chosen by a lottery. The existence of certain general principles of law is implied by the custom of settling a difference between two Greek states, or between members of a single state, by resorting to external arbitration. Law givers were not rulers or kings, but appointed officials whose only job was to write laws. "In ancient Greece, the inventors of democracy set up a law that required every person to vote, regardless of who they voted for. Those that joined the dikastai for that day would oversee a typical case consisting of a dispute between two litigants. The officials in the government wanted to make sure that law givers would not take sides or be a part of just one group, otherwise laws might be unfair. The Lex Scantinia was a law set in place in Rome that penalized sex with a young freeborn male, preventing any form of pederasty as the Greeks practiced it from happening in Rome. It was made up of former arkhons, or magistrates. Procedural laws were guidelines that told judges how to use other laws. Oratory rhetoric was divided into epideictic, deliberative, and forensic. first known written law of Ancient Greece. Today’s version of democracy is voting for representatives who rule us, but the Greeks had far more hands on participation in their version of democracy. For more laws on Ancient greeks here is a link with list and details for you to look over and see. Other cities succeeded Athens, the "School of Greece" as Pericles had called her. Then a Greek called solon changed the rules making it fairer to the citizens. Around the fifth century BC, the Areiopagos was split into four types of courts, each trying a different type of homicide case. Contrary to views held some decades ago, however, the late Roman law, and with it west European legal … He served as law giver until he was succeeded by Solon in about 594 BC. The dikastai had the power to decide the law, to decide the facts, and to pass sentence on the party/parties involved. In the 17, Past Present Future Laws (Lines Of Inquiry). It was a period of political, philosophical, artistic, and scientific achievements that formed a legacy with unparalleled influence on Western civilization. Most surviving sources from the classical period come from Athens, and they are without exception written by men. At around 620 BC, Draco, law giver, gave the first law of ancient Greece; those laws were so harsh that made an English word named ‘draconian’ meaning unreasonable laws. If anyone was found not voting, the person would be publicly marked and labeled an idiot, someone who thought their own personal needs trumped those of the society around them, and over time, the word "idiot" has evolved into today's usage." This meant that all who were literate would be able to know the contents of his laws. Common Greeks had no say in matters that had to do with politics. For the … after which another vote by the jury would decide the punishment. political parties. At around 620 BC, Draco, law giver, gave the first law of ancient Greece; those laws were so harsh that made an English word named ‘draconian’ meaning unreasonable laws. little, if anything, and most trials were completed in the same day, private cases even more quickly. Greek Iuris law has been partially compared with Roman law, and has been incidentally illustrated with the aid of the primitive institutions of the Germanic nations. The main creaters of the laws in Ancient Greek laws was the assembly. The Law in Ancient Greece. Athenian laws are typically written in the form where if an offense is made, then the offender will be punished according to said law, thus they are more concerned with the legal actions which should be undertaken by the prosecutor, rather than strictly defining which acts are prosecutable. 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